英语自然拼读-phonics的 29个拼写规则介绍

这篇是技能贴,重要列出了拼读拼写中的一些法则,必要当真进修。

进修法子是在进修单词的进程中,碰到响应的法则请教给孩子,不消逐条背诵法则。

记着这些法则,妈妈再也不消担忧孩子的英文拼读了。

一、 Q U

Rule:Q is always followedby U. U is not a vowel here.(queen)

法则:Q后面老是随着U,U在这里不是元音。(好比:queen)。

二、 C

Rule: The letter C usually says [k] (cat,cot, cut), but C saysbefore e, i, or y(cent, city, cycle).

法则:C凡是发音[k] (好比:cat, cot, cut),可是C 在e, i, y前发音。(好比:cent, city, cycle)

三、 G

Rule: The letter g usually says [g] (gate,go, gust), but g may say [d] before e, i, or y (page, giant, gym). The letterse and i following g do not always make the g say [d] (get, girl, give)

法则:G凡是发音[g],可是G 在e, i, y前可能发音[d]。e和i 不必定老是让前面的g发音[d] (好比:get, girl, give)

四、 A,E,O,U

Rule: A, E, O, U usually say letter name atthe end of a syllable.7 D! \8 M3 k+ r

法则:A, E, O, U在音节尾凡是发音字母音。

五、I & Y

Rule: I and Y may say [ai]at the end of asyllable (si lent, cy cle), but usually say (in ci dent, cy cli cal). Theunaccented suffix-y may say [i:] at the end of a word(ba by, dad dy). The i atthe end of a syllable before another vowel that begins the next syllable maysay [i:](ra di o, me di a)- S5 C/ N/ A9 m, w6 Y

法则:I 和 Y 在音节尾可能发音[ai],但凡是发音。

非重读音节词尾的后缀y,可能读[i:](现实发音处在长音[i:]和短音之间)。I 在音节尾、下一音节首是另外一元音时,i 可能会读[i:] (ra di o, me di a, period, curious);

六、Y not I

Rule: English words do not end in i, j, uor v. the letter y, not i, is used at the end of an English word(my).

法则:英语单词不以i, j, u o或 v 末端。用y替换i用在英语单词词尾。

七、silent final Es

Rule 7-1: silent final e is to let thevowel say its second sound(letter name)

法则7-1:末端不发音e使跟它隔一个字母的元音字母发第二音(即字母音,长音)

Rule 7-2: silent final e is to prevent usfrom ending an English word with u or v, because English words do not end in i,j, u or v.

法则7-2:防止u和v呈现在英语单词词尾。由于英语单词不以i, j, u 或 v末端。

Rule 7-3: silent final e is to soften a cor g(to make c says,g says [d])

法则7-3: 使c和g读轻音(使c读,g读[d])

Rule 7-4: silent final e is to prevent usfrom having a syllable with no vowel. Every syllable must have a written vowel.

法则7-4: 防止一个音节中没有元音。由于每个音节都必需要有一个元音字母。

Rule 7-5ther jobs or unknown reasons:

(1) The E keeps a word that is notplural from ending in an ‘s’ Ex: dense(not dens),purse(not purs),false(notfals).跟其他单词的复数情势做区分。

(2) The E adds length to a shortmain-idea word. Ex.: are, ewe, rye.防止单词太短。

(3) The E gives a

distinction inmeaning between homonyms. Ex: or/ore, for/fore.与同音字相区分。

(4) The E is left over from MiddleEnglish or a foreign language where the final E was once pronounced. Ex:treatise, giraffe.在中古英语或外来语中曾发音的e得以保存下来。

八、WOR

Rule: The phonogram or may say [:] afterthe w(works).

法则:or凡是读[r:],可是or跟在w后,凡是读[:](破例,仍读[r:] worn sworn sword)

九、IE or EI

Rule: We use the ie most often. We use theie to say [i:](piece), as a suffix(mov ie), to say[ai](pie). We use the eiafter c(re ceive),if we say [ei],and in some exceptions.(Either weird foreignsovereign forfeited leisure. Neither heifer seized counterfeit protein.)

法则:

ie:咱们最经常使用ie.(发音为[i:],[ ai]时用ie,暗示后缀时也用ie)

ei:用ei有三种环境:1.在c后;2.若是读[ei](由于ie没有[ei]这个读音);3.破例,这些词可以用如下两个句子:

Either weird foreign sovereign forfeitedleisure.

Neither heifer seized counterfeit protein.

十、SH

Rule:

SH is used at the beginning of aword(she),at the end of a syllable/word(fish/fish es),but not at the beginningof any syllable after the first one(na tion), except for theending-ship(friendship).)

Rule:

法则:SH用在单词词首、在音节或单词尾,但不消在非第一音节的其他首位(除后缀-ship)

十一、TI, SI, CI

Rule11-1: The ti, si, ci say [] at thebeginning of any syllable after the first one.

法则11-1:ti, si, ci 用在非第一音节的其他首位,读[]。

Rule11-2: The si say [] when the precedingsyllable ends with s (ses sion) and when the root word has an s(manse/mansion).Only si can say []except for ti in “equation”(vision)

法则11-2:前面的音节以S末端或当根词以s末端,si读[],TI, SI, CI中只有si 可以读[](除equation中的ti)

1二、ABBREVIATIONS 缩写词

Use a few letters to represent a larger word(Mr. =Mister, m=meter, CA=California).

1三、CONTRACTIONS 缩略词

Replace a letter (or letters) with anapostrophe to contract (or shorten)a

phrase(I am=I’m).

1四、Rule 1-1-1 suffix

Rule: With a one-syllable wordending in one vowel then one consonant, double the last consonantbefore adding a vowel suffix(get, getting).

法则:以一个元音加一个子音末端的单音节单词,加以元音开首的后缀时,双写最后一个子音。

1五、Rule 2-1-1 Accent

Rule: With a two-syllable word ending inone vowel the one consonant, double the last consonant before adding avowel suffix IF the accent is on the last syllable.(for get, for getting)

法则:以一个元音加一个子音末端的双音节或多音节词,加以元音开首的后缀时,若是重音在最后一个音节,则双写子音后再加后缀。

1六、E’s Dropping Rule

Rule: Silent final Es co妹妹only lose theneed for the E when adding a vowel suffix(hope/hoping/hopeless). In words likenoticeable or changeable rules 2 and 3 override rule 16

法则:当加以元音开首的后缀时,一般要去掉末端不发音的e。可是当合适法则2,3的词好比noticeable 或 changeable,要依照法则2,3,而不消法则16。

1七、F F, L L, S S

Rule: We often double F, L, S after asingle vowel at the end of a base word (off, all, confess).

Occasionally other letters are doubled inthis way (ebb, odd, egg, inn, err, watt, jazz).

法则:单位音后面,词尾的f, l, s凡是要双写。(有时另有其他一些字母也双写ebb, odd, egg, inn, err, watt, jazz)

1八、AY

Rule: AY usually says [ei] at the end of abase word (may, pay). When a word ends with a it says [a:](ma).

法则:ay用在单词末端时凡是读[ei]。在词尾的a读[a:]。

1九、I&O

Rule: I and O may say [ai] and [u] whenfollowed by two consonants (find, cold).

法则:I 和O后面随着两个子音,可能发音[ai]和[u]。

20、S, X &Suffix-es

Rule20-1: to make most nouns plural, justadd-s. When the word hisses (ch, tch, sh, x, s, z), changes, or just stops withO, add-es. Occasional words have no change, an internal change, or an irregularspelling.

法则20-1:一般加s。尾音雷同“嘶嘶”音的(ch, tch, sh, x, s, z)、必要y变i、f变v(wife/wives; fly/flies)、或以o末端的(tomato/tomatoes),加es。少许单词的复数情势连结真相稳定(sheep/sheep),或只变中心(man/men),或是无变革法则的拼写情势(alumnus/alumni; piano/pianos)。

Rule20-2:X is never directlybefore S. (boxes, excel). There is a sound in X.

法则20-2:X历来不消在s前面。X里有的发音。

2一、Dismiss L rule

Rule: the words ALL, FULL and till arewritten with one L when they are added to another syllable. (almost, fulfill,careful, until).

法则:all, full, till, 当它们加到词根上构成另外一个音节时,只写一个L。

2二、DGE

Rule: DGE is used only after a single vowelwhich says []-[e]–[]-[] (badge, edge, ridge, lodge, fudge).

法则:三个字母音图[d](dge),可用在读[]-[e]–[]-[]的单位音后面。

2三、TCH

Rule: TCH may be used after a single vowelwhich does not say [ei]-[i:]-[ai]-[u]-[ju:](match, watch, sketch, blotch,crutch, butcher)

法则:TCH [t],可用在不读[ei]-[i:]-[ai]-[u]-[ju:]的单位音后面。

2四、Y’s Suffixes

Rule: The single vowel Y (not phonogramsay, ey or oy) changes to i when adding a suffix(try/tried, pup py/pup pies)unless the suffix starts with an i (-ing/try ing, -ish/ba by ish).

法则:以单位音y末端的单词,加后缀时,要将y改为i,以i开首的后缀除外。

2五、CK

Rule: CK used only after a single vowelwhich says[]-[e]–[]-[](back, peck, pick, pock et, truck)

法则:CK只用在读[]-[e]–[]-[]的单位音后面。

2六、CAPITALIZE

Rule: Individual names or titles of persons(Jesus), place(Ohio) or things(Bible).

法则:大写法则。专着名词首字母大写。

2七、Z, NEVER S& u0 r4 ]! u) T0 N! k

Rule: The z, never s, is used to say [z] atthe beginning of a root word (zebra, zoo).

法则:单词开首发音[z],用z,永久不会用s。

2八、ED

Rule: The ed says[d]and[t]as the past tenseending of any root word that does not end in the sound [d](killed)or[t](liked).When the ed says[ed]after words ending with d(land/ land ed) or t(act/act ed)they form another syllable.

法则:根词词尾读[d]或[t]时,曩昔式后缀ed读[ed],构成另外一个音节。根词词尾不读[d]或[t]时,曩昔式后缀ed读[d]或[t]。根词词尾是voiced sound(浊音),读[d](voiced);根词词尾是unvoiced sound(清音),读[t](unvoiced)。

2九、Double Consonants

Rule: Double consonants within words ofmore than one syllable should both be sounded for spelling (lit tle, but ton)

法则:多音节单词中双写子音的,为拼写目标必要都读出来(这是给引导西席听写用的法则,学生不必要进修)。


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